What to do when hay fever occurs?

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With the right treatment against hay fever

The symptoms of allergies such as hay fever vary widely, and so do the options for treating them. Here is a short overview of the most common treatments.

In acute cases

If you are suffering initial signs of hay fever such as a runny nose or itchy eyes, it is a good idea to use H1-antihistamines. The eye drops or nasal sprays contain active ingredients that block histamine receptors and prevent the development of further inflammation. The range of H1-antihistamines include Pollival® eye drops (mandatory information) and Pollival® nasal spray (mandatory information) with the azelastine active ingredient.

Baseline protection

If you want to prevent the full effects of your allergy, you can use products with mast-cell stabilising active ingredients. These have especially good tolerability and are based on cromones, which inhibit the mast-cell histamine discharge and prevent an allergic inflammation of the mucus membranes. To develop good baseline protection, products such as Pollicrom® eye drops (mandatory information) or Pollicrom® nasal spray (mandatory information) should be used for several days before the onset of allergy symptoms.

Severe symptoms

If your symptoms exceed a certain threshold or the usual treatment is not working as well as usual, you should consult your general practitioner or allergist. After diagnosing your symptoms, they can prescribe you corticosteroid products. These work as strong immunosuppressants as well as anti-inflammatories and result in a long-lasting respite for stressed mucous membranes. Caution: use cortisone products only for short periods, due to the indicated side effects.

Long-term desensitisation

One option for achieving long-lasting freedom from symptoms is a specific immunotherapy with the aim of hyposensitisation. Over the period of around three years, the body should develop a tolerance to the trigger through introduction of the known allergen, so that the symptoms become weaker and after some time no longer occur. Such immunotherapy is usually administered in tablets, drops or sprays, and is started during the allergy free period.

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